A Take On How Steel Is Made

Commercial and residential buildings all use of alloys to make the foundation of the structure stronger to withstand the test of time. For such a reason, this metal has become one of the most popularly used construction material for many years now. In fact, “World crude steel production reached 1,414 million metric tons (mmt) in 2010”, according to the World Steel Association.

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Now, do you ever wonder how this alloy is made and where it came from?

One of the hardest alloys ever known to man, this metal is derived from iron ores that are combined with elements, such as oxygen and sulphur. These are found in rocks that are dug from the Earth’s crust. They are then smelted in blast furnaces, a heating device specifically designed to produce industrial components. However, since cast irons need to be melted at 1,375 degrees Celsius, the oxidation rate can rapidly increase. Thus, the process of extracting the metal should take place in an environment with low oxygen. This procedure removes silica and phosphor, as they make the material weak. In the end, steel, an alloy that contains a lot of carbon, is produced.

Today, steel can be made using the Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). This method is relatively easier and quicker, as it only requires recycled alloys from scrap vehicles, appliances, and industrial wastes, among others, which were originally produced in basic oxygen furnace. To achieve the specific metallurgical characteristics, impurities are removed, while chemicals are added to the liquid steel. A beam is used to cool and reheat the mixture. It is then passed through a series of rollers that form the metal into its desired shape. After that, the beam is straightened and cut into standard lengths, and then, shipped.

Knowing all these details, you can say that this metal is also a sustainable building material. Thus, it can help conserve natural resources. For this reason, it is wise to use structural steel in the construction of buildings as well as bridges and gantries for motorways, airports, and many others. But, to ensure efficient installation of steelwork, always trust the experts. With that in mind, get in touch with Briton Fabricators Ltd right away!

Briton Fabricators Ltd.

Fulwood Road South,
Huthwaite
Sutton-in-Ashfield
Nottingham NG17 2JW

t: 0115 963 2901
f: 0115 968 0335

e: sales@britonsltd.co.uk

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